OHARA Kazuoki

Affiliation

Faculty of Urban Innovation, Division of Urban Innovation

Job Title

Professor

Date of Birth

1958

Research Fields, Keywords

building functions analysis, facility management, housing for the elderly, walfare and medical facility, museum, ecomuseum

Mail Address

E-mail address

Related SDGs




ORCID  https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2306-3445

写真a

The Best Research Achievement in Research Career 【 display / non-display

  • 【Published Thesis】 Challenges of Japanese ecomuseums in the beginning of 21th century, Generativity of ecomuseum  2017

The Best Research Achievement in the last 5 years 【 display / non-display

  • 【Book】 Ecomuseums and cultural landscapes State of the art and future prospects  2018.01

    【Published Thesis】 Open Air Museums in Japan - Gaze from Europe (in English and Serbian)  2016.01

    【Published Thesis】 Challenge of Super-aged Residential area and Renovating Vacant house into Community Space in I residential area, Kamakura, Japan  2016.10

Graduating School 【 display / non-display

  •  
    -
    1981

    Yokohama National University   Faculty of Engineering   Graduated

Graduate School 【 display / non-display

  • 1983.04
    -
    1987.03

    The University of Tokyo  Graduate School, Division of Engineering  Department of Architecture  Doctor Course  Accomplished credits for doctoral program

  • 1981.04
    -
    1983.03

    Yokohama National University  Graduate School, Division of Engineering  Master Course  Completed

Degree 【 display / non-display

  • Master of Engineering -  Yokohama National University

  • Doctor of Engineering -  The University of Tokyo

Campus Career 【 display / non-display

  • 2011.04
    -
    Now

    Duty   Yokohama National UniversityFaculty of Urban Innovation   Division of Urban Innovation   Professor  

  • 2005.04
    -
    2011.03

    Duty   Yokohama National UniversityFaculty of Engineering   Professor  

  • 2001.04
    -
    2005.03

    Duty   Yokohama National UniversityFaculty of Engineering   Associate Professor  

  • 1998.04
    -
    2001.03

    Duty   Yokohama National UniversitySchool of Engineering   Associate Professor  

  • 1996.04
    -
    1998.03

    Duty   Yokohama National UniversityGraduate School of Engineering   Associate Professor  

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External Career 【 display / non-display

  • 2006.11
    -
    2006.12

    Newcastle University, UK   Guest Scholar  

  • 2006.06
    -
    2006.11

    Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden   Guest Professor  

  • 1997.03
    -
    1997.07

    Lund University, Sweden   Guest Professor  

  • 1987.04
    -
    1991.03

    The University of Tokyo   Research Assistant  

Academic Society Affiliations 【 display / non-display

  • 1981
     
     
     

    Architectural Institute of Japan

  • 1990.04
     
     
     

    Japanese Socio-gerontological Society

  • 1995.03
     
     
     

    Japan Ecomuseological Society

  • 1984
     
     
     

    Japan Institute of Healthcare Architecture

  • 2014.04
     
     
     

    International Council of Museums

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Field of expertise (Grants-in-aid for Scientific Research classification) 【 display / non-display

  • museology

  • Enviromental Gerontology

  • Town planning/Architectural planning

Qualification acquired 【 display / non-display

  • Architect (first class)

 

Research Career 【 display / non-display

  • Study on Planning for Healthcare and Social Walfare Facilities

    Project Year:  -   

  • Study on Planning for Museum, Ecomuseum

    Project Year:  -   

  • Study on environment for the elderly

    Project Year:  -   

Books 【 display / non-display

  • Ecomuseums and cultural landscapes -State of the art and future prospects

    Raffaella Riva (ed), Kazuoki Ohara et al. (Part: Contributor , Range: Challenges of Japanese ecomuseums in the beginning of 21th century, Generativity of ecomuseum )

    Maggioli Editore  2018.01 ISBN: 978-88-916-2496-3

  • The Physical Environment of Group Living for people with Dementia-12 Case Studies in Southern Sweden-

    Owe Åhlund, Kazuoki Ohara (Part: Joint Work )

    World Planning  2000.12

  • Journey to Ecomuseums

    (Part: Single Work )

    Kajima Publishing  1999

  • Theories on Barrier Free Environment(jointly authored)

    (Part: Joint Work )

    ISHIYAKU PUBLISHERS, INC.  1992

Papers 【 display / non-display

  • STUDY ON THE UTILIZATION OF VACANT HOUSES IN SECURING THE BASE OF SOCIAL SUPPORT ACTIVITIES OF COMMUNITY RESIDENTS:-The potential of adult guardians as a field for inflow of vacant house information-

    NAKAMURA Miyako, OHARA Kazuoki, FUJIOKA Yasuhiro

    Journal of Architecture and Planning (Transactions of AIJ) ( Architectural Institute of Japan )  ( 769 )   537 - 546   2020.03

    Joint Work

     View Summary

    <p> This research examines the possibility of securing the base of social support activities of community residents by utilizing vacant houses. Social support for community residents relies on volunteer participation. Although it is different from the support provided by specialized organizations, etc. and has more flexibility, the financial base is often weak. To secure the base for social support activities, free or low-priced rent is indispensable. Public facilities, welfare facilities, schools, vacant houses in the area, etc. are among possible local resources, but there are many restrictions on public facilities. Using vacant houses is considered a highly realistic method that can be widely adopted.</p><p> The increase of vacant houses in the community has become a problem, and there is a growing interest in using them. These are often inherited properties, which remain neither rented nor occupied by owners. One says that these properties are left untouched because of the attachment to the family home, or the burden of dismantling costs. Therefore, rather than expecting rent income, many owners prefer leaving their property unused. It would be easier for financially weak community social support activities to secure a base if some of these vacant houses are available free of charge or at a low price.</p><p> However, the conditions are not yet ready for obtaining information on rentable vacant houses. Until now, real estate agencies and activists' networks provided information, but these sources are not enough. Therefore, to find new locations of vacant houses with clearly identified owners, we conducted a survey on adult guardians in Kanagawa prefecture to examine the potential of adult guardians as "a field for inflow of vacant house information".</p><p> As a result, adult guardians are indeed "a field for inflow of information" and many owners are interested in community activities. The possibility of securing free or low-priced rent is high. With guardians' understanding, owners can be aware of the needs for vacant houses utilization. Also, in order to gain the understanding of the owners on a free or a low-priced rent, there are at least three conditions. (1) Clearing up of the leftover baggage, basic repair, maintenance of the building by weeding and ventilation, etc., shall not burden the ward with out-of-pocket expenses. (2) For cases when there is a need to vacate the property, the contract must make provision for immediate handover to avoid concerns about trouble over withdrawal.(3) In order to deal with concerns over the tenant's identity, the contractor should be the Municipal Social Welfare Council, etc. The owner's reassurance is a necessary collateral. Of these, one can say that (2) and (3) are common in that general lenders tend to feel anxious about rental, but (1) is not put on the market base. In the case of lending free of charge or at a low price, the intention to avoid the owner's burden is quite natural. We can say that these are the conditions required to community welfare activists, in order for guardians and family courts to be able to tell if "it is in the benefit of the ward".</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • Cultural inheritance by old teller of out-going farming "Dezukuri":a study on Seinaiji community in Achi-mura Village, Nagano as an ecomuseum

    Ohara Kazuoki, Fujioka Yasuhiro, Emizu Tadahito

    JOURNAL OF THE HOUSING RESEARCH FOUNDATION "JUSOKEN" ( Housing Research Foundation "JUSOKEN" )  46 ( 0 )   201 - 211   2020  [Refereed]

    Joint Work

     View Summary

    Seinaiji district of Achi-mura village, Nagano have been keeping the custom of "out-going" farming called "Dezukuri". With its steep slopes and deep gorges, it has few patches of plain-land. Under such circumstances, the villagers cultivate on the mountain slope and build a small house in which they stay during summer. But with the development of modern commercial economy and social change, the unique life style has declined with only a few exceptions. This study describes the places where mountain houses were settled, how people managed to maintain them and what is needed as an ecomuseum activity for the cultural inheritance by old peoples who tells stories about the life.

    DOI CiNii

  • The role of ecomuseum for cultural inheritance of out-going farming "Dezukuri":a study on Seinaiji community in Achi-mura Village, Nagano as an ecomuseum-Part 2

    Ohara Kazuoki, Fujioka Yasuhiro, Emizu Tadahito

    JOURNAL OF THE HOUSING RESEARCH FOUNDATION "JUSOKEN" ( Housing Research Foundation "JUSOKEN" )  46 ( 0 )   179 - 188   2020  [Refereed]

    Joint Work

     View Summary

    Seinaiji district of Achi-mura village, Nagano have been keeping the custom of "out-going" farming called "Dezukuri". With its steep slopes and deep gorges, it has few patches of plain-land. Under such circumstances, the villagers cultivate on the mountain slope and build a small house in which they stay during summer. But with the development of modern commercial economy and social change, the unique life style has declined with only a few exceptions. This study describes how they managed to maintain life both in the mountain and the gorge, and what ecomuseum should do to encourage interpreters who tells stories about the special life in the region.

    DOI CiNii

  • THE STUDY ON COMMUNITY ACTIVITY BASE UTILIZING VACANT HOUSES:-Conditions of vacant house suitable for community activity base working on living support

    NAKAMURA Miyako, OHARA Kazuoki, FUJIOKA Yasuhiro

    Journal of Architecture and Planning (Transactions of AIJ) ( Architectural Institute of Japan )  84 ( 758 )   839 - 848   2019.04  [Refereed]

    Joint Work

     View Summary

    <p>In Japan, the aging rate is expected to increase up to 33.4% and the rate of one-person households up to 37.2% in 2035. Since it is deemed that the current social system cannot afford such circumstances, interest is growing on local communities and resident welfare activities, both from local and political points of view. Local interest is also growing on the utilization of increasing vacant houses. According to the Housing and Land Survey 2013, the total number of vacant houses in Japan is 8.2 million which accounts for 13.5% of total houses in Japan. Among the vacant houses, besides holiday houses and houses for rent or sale, the rate of "other houses" including the problematic vacant houses is rapidly increasing from 32.1% in 2003 to 35.4% in 2008 and to 38.8% in 2013. Many are individually owned houses inherited from deceased parents to children who already owns their houses and left unsold or unoccupied due to the owners' affection to their family homes or to matters of demolition costs. Therefore, such owners are assumed to hold the vacant houses until any compelling reasons occur to sell them.</p><p>The problem of the difficulty in securing community activity bases may be reduced if vacant houses can be rented free or at low cost. This is a beneficial way for both the local area and the community activity because utilizing vacant houses as community activity bases may solve vacant house problems, community activities may proceed smoothly assimilating into local communities by using pre-existing houses and the expected free or low rent is suitable to financially fragile community activities.</p><p>To define the conditions of vacant houses suitable for activity bases, we made a survey on the District Volunteer Center, an institution of the District Council of Social Welfare of Chigasaki City, Kanagawa Prefecture which is a precedent example of using vacant houses for activity bases. The results showed that the ideal conditions of vacant houses for community activity bases were to have "independent office space", "volunteer lounge space" and "space for multi-purpose use". Many of the vacant houses were second-hand housings. The merit of using a second-hand vacant house is that the rent may be free or low, however, on the other hand, there is a demerit of a possibility of moving out due to request for evacuation from the owner. If this demerit is taken merely as a risk, utilizing vacant houses may not proceed. It is therefore essential to develop an environment where information on vacant houses is accessible, making smooth relocation to better housings at any time. Information on vacant houses is hard to obtain, however, if opportunities are provided to meet owners suffering from handling their vacant houses and willing to rent to someone who can take care of such houses, there may be a chance to use such houses as community activity bases at free of charge or at low rent. Measures for approaching owners of vacant houses should be discussed in the future. Information on vacant houses are currently obtained through networks of the members of community activities or through real estate agents. Developing further measures may solve the problems of insufficient information and the members' anxiety of relocation that may become a blockade of discussing the utilization of vacant houses. It is required to recognize where the information on vacant houses is accumulated and to structure a system of obtaining and providing information that may organically connect various accumulation points.</p>

    DOI CiNii

  • The Study on Community Activity Bases Utilizing Vacant Houses : National Survey on District Council of Social Welfare

    human services   15 ( 1 )   29 - 37   2018.03  [Refereed]

    Joint Work

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Review Papers 【 display / non-display

  • ICOM general conference in Milano 2016 special program “Forum ecomuseums and community museums"

    Journal of Japan Ecomuseological Society ( Japan Ecomuseological Society )  ( 23 ) 54 - 66   2019.03

    Meeting report etc.   Single Work

  • L'idea di "ecomuseo" in Giappone

    Nuova Museologia, ICOM Italy   ( .8 ) 8   2003.10

    Introduction and explanation (scientific journal)   Single Work

  • A imagem do Ecomuseu no Jap&atilde;o (2a parta)

    Quarteir&atilde;o,NOPH(Brasil)   ( 54 ) 7   2003.09

    Introduction and explanation (others)   Single Work

  • A imagem do Ecomuseu no Jap&atilde;o

    Quarteir&atilde;o,NOPH(Brasil)   ( 53 ) 11   2003.07

    Introduction and explanation (others)   Single Work

  • The image of 'Ecomuseum' in Japan

    Pacific Friend   25 ( 12 ) 26 - 27   1998

    Introduction and explanation (others)   Single Work

Academic Awards Received 【 display / non-display

  • The Prize of AIJ 2011

    2011.05.30   AIJ  

Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research 【 display / non-display

  • Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research(B)

    Project Year: 2019.04  -  2024.03 

  • Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research(B)

    Project Year: 2019.04  -  2023.03 

  • Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research(B)

    Project Year: 2019.04  -  2023.03 

  • Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research(C)

    Project Year: 2019.04  -  2022.03 

  • Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research(C)

    Project Year: 2019.04  -  2022.03 

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Other external funds procured 【 display / non-display

  • International Forum for Ecomuseum and Community Museum in Kanagawa

    Offer organization: Private Foundations 

    Project Year: 2019.04  -  2020.03 

Presentations 【 display / non-display

  • Sitting Space in Museum

    2019.09.02  

  • Japanese Museum Architecture (Key note)

     [Invited]

    2019.09.02  

  • Inter-generational Living in Aged Suburban Housing Area

    Kazuoki Ohara

    2018.06.21  

  • Actual Circumstance and Problems of Elderly Housing Policy in Japan

    Kazuoki Ohara  [Invited]

    World Human Rights Cities Forum 2016 in Gwangju  (Gwangju,Korea)  2016.07.22   WHRCF

  • CHALLENGES OF JAPANESE ECOMUSEUMS IN THE BEGINNING OF 21ST CENTURY -GENERATIVITY OF ECOMUSEUM-

    Kazuoki Ohara  [Invited]

    ICOM-Forum of ecomuseums and community museums  (Milan, Italy)  2016.07.06   ICOM

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Preferred joint research theme 【 display / non-display

  • Research on group living and community care fro the elderly with dementia

  • Visitor Study on Museum

  • Research on Housing for the Elderly

  • Research on Urban Ecomuseum

Past of Collaboration and Commissioned Research 【 display / non-display

  • Study on community-based facility for the elderly

    Cooperative Research within Japan  

    Project Year: 2004.11  -  2005.05 

  • Study on Urban Ecomuseum

    International Cooperative Research  

    Project Year: 2002  -   

  • Methodological Study on the Conservation of Old Rural Houses

    Cooperative Research within Japan  

    Project Year: 1998  -  2000 

  • Research on the Group Living for the Elderly with Dementia

    International Cooperative Research  

    Project Year: 1997.03  -  1999.12 

  • Research on Planning of the Facility for Environmental Learning

    Cooperative Research within Japan  

    Project Year: 1997  -  2000 

 

Council/Academic activity outside the university 【 display / non-display

  • International Committee of Architecture and Museum Technique

    2016.06
    -
    2022.06

    Others   board member